Writing: Why are you Writing?
Writing: Why are you Writing? Revision
Aims of Texts
Texts usually have different styles, depending on their purpose.
The ‘purpose‘ is essentially the reason you write the text.
The form, tone and formality of a text will help you figure out its purpose.
Make sure you are happy with the following topics before continuing:
There are many reasons for writing different texts.
Some examples include:
- To persuade: a brochure may persuade the reader to buy a product
- To inform: a newspaper article may inform the reader about recent events
- To argue: an academic essay may try to argue for a specific point of view
- To describe: an online review may describe an experience
However, this isn’t where the list of reasons stops, there are many more!
Texts can also inspire, instruct, advise, mock and so on…
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You will need to tailor your language use and techniques depending on the text’s purpose, much like tailoring clothes to specific people!
For example, if the purpose is to entertain, you could make it more amusing by:
- Including witty phrases- Humour
- Using more visuals- Photos, graphics or colour
- Drawing the reader in- Rhetorical questions and imagery (using idioms, adjectives, metaphors and similes)
How to Spot
You will need to find out
A) Who your audience is
B) What the purpose of a given text is
This should be made clear in the exam question.
”Write an email to an upcoming guest about things to do in the hotel.”
A) The upcoming guest would be the audience for this task.
B) The purpose of your text would be to inform.
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Why not test your knowledge now and see if you would pass. A score of around 60% means you would probably pass your functional skills English level 2.
Example: What’s the Purpose?
Take a look at the image below…
…can you identify the purpose?
The purpose here is to persuade the reader to vote.
The language used in the text is convincing and may change the reader’s opinion or may influence the reader to vote after seeing it.
Using ‘your‘ directly addresses the reader, and therefore makes the text more persuasive.
To get familiar with the purposes of texts, have a look for some around you and see if you can identify what the aim is.
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