Reading: Text Types

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQACity & GuildsEdexcelHighfield QualificationsNCFEOpen Awards

Reading: Text Types Revision

Text Types


Reports, articles, adverts, posters – there are many different types of texts!

They are chosen by writers because they are particularly effective at conveying different types of information.

You will need to be able to recognise and identify these types, both in your exam and in real life, so let’s get started

Make sure you are happy with the following topics before continuing:

Improve your chances of passing your functional skills English exam.

Take a subject knowledge assessment and understand what topic areas you need to work on to ensure you pass for level 2 English exam first time. 

CTA Icon

What are they?


 

Text types are the way the text is formatted by the author, and can include:

  • A letter
  • A report
  • A newspaper article
  • A webpage
  • A note
  • A poster
  • An advert

And many more!

Can you remember any examples of these that you have seen today?

 


 

 

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Which is Which?


Identifying text types is a very important skill.

 

Luckily, many types of text will have specific things that you can look out for, which will help you spot them!

 

Let’s take a look at a few of them now…

 


 

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Follow Our Socials

Social BG
Facebook

Follow our Facebook for community support

Social BG

Follow our Instagram & TikTok for revision help

Our Facebook page can put you in touch with other students of your course for revision and community support. Alternatively, you can find us on Instagram or TikTok where we're always sharing revision tips for all our courses.

Follow our socials for revision tips and community support

  • facebook
  • instagram
  • tiktok

Formal Texts


 

Are used in professional or academic settings.

Some text types often used in formal settings are:

  • A newspaper article
  • A theatre review
  • A webpage
  • A technical report
  • A business letter 

All of these text types are quite official, and tend to be written to a very large audience who need information on a certain topic

The aim of these texts would usually be to inform, instruct, advise or discuss, rather than to entertain, describe, persuade or mock.

 


 

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Informal Texts…


 

Are used in personal or casual settings.

For example:

  • A recipe
  • A note
  • A text message
  • A magazine

 

All of these types of texts are quite casual, and tend to be written to a smaller audience.

The aim of these texts would usually be to entertain, persuade, describe or mock rather than to inform, advise, instruct or discuss.

 


 

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Formal Examples: Emails and Letters


 

First up, we have two very similar text types…


 

Emails will always include:

  • Subject line
  • To
  • From

A subject line will inform the reader on what the email will be about which will help readers to prioritise responding to correspondence more easily.

They will also include who the email is written by, and who the email is written to.

These are the features to look out for in an email.

 


 

Letters will always include:

  • A Sender Address
  • A Recipient Address
  • A Greeting
  • A Sign-off

The writer will begin the letter with their own address which is written at the top right hand corner, whilst the recipient’s address will be just below this, on the left-hand side of the page.

They will then greet the reader using Dear…’ and the reader’s name.

They may also use: Dear Sir, Dear Madame or To whom it may concern if they are unsure of who the reader is.

If the writer knows the person the letter is being sent to, they will conclude it with ‘Yours Sincerely’ and their own name. If however they do not, or they are writing to a professional or high-ranking individual, it will conclude with ‘Yours Faithfully’, followed by their own name.

 


 

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Informal Examples: Adverts and Leaflets


Next, we have two more similar text types…

Adverts and Leaflets will usually include:

  • Colour
  • Different fonts
  • Images

The colours used in these text types will typically link to a company or brand’s identity, and will be instantly recognisable.

The different fonts used will draw the reader’s attention to different parts of the text, and create visual interest.

Images, which can include photographs or illustrations, are also used to create a more interesting text.

All of these features are meant to capture and keep the reader’s attention.

 


 

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Additional Resources

PFS

Exam Tips Cheat Sheet

FS Level 2

Reading: Text Types Worksheet and Example Questions

Site Logo

Reading: Text Types L2

FS Level 2NewOfficial PFS
Site Logo

Reading: Text Types L1

FS Level 1NewOfficial PFS

You May Also Like...

Functional Skills English Level 2 Practice Papers

This comprehensive set of 10 Functional Skills English Level 2 Practice Papers (5 reading papers + 5 writing) is a great way to revise for your upcoming reading and writing exams. These papers have been specifically tailored to match the structure, format and question types used by each of the main exam boards for functional skills English.

From: £29.99
View Product

Functional Skills English Level 2 Pocket Revision Guide

Revise and practice for your functional skills English level 2 exam. All topics covered in this compact revision guide.

View Product
Sale!

Functional Skills English Level 2 Revision Cards

Revise for functional skills English level 2, with these English level 2 fundamentals revision cards. Covering the building blocks of the essential areas of the level 2 exam.

£8.99
View Product

Related Topics

PFS

Reading: Why do Writers Write?

FS Level 1FS Level 2Entry Level 3