Back to Functional Skills English Level 2 Home

Reading: Formality and Bias

FS Level 2AQACity & GuildsEdexcelHighfield QualificationsNCFEOpen Awards

Reading: Formality and Bias Revision

Formality and Bias

You will have to tell the difference between formal and informal language and know how to use both appropriately.

In conversation, the speaker must consider who they are speaking to and adjust their tonal register accordingly.

You will have to know what bias is and why it is important to look out for.

Make sure you are happy with the following topics before continuing:

Improve your chances of passing your functional skills English exam.

Take a pre-assessment and understand what topic areas you need to work on to ensure you pass for level 2 English exam first time. 

CTA Icon

Formal language


 

Formal language is the language used in professional settings.

Some features of formal language include:


Full sentences


Example:

“Your proposal to improve the road conditions is a very good idea.”

 

Instead of just replying in a short phrase such as ‘Yeah, good idea!’, it is always best to write in full sentences when writing formally.

 


No contractions


Example:

“I should have called you back sooner.”

This sounds more formal than using the contraction ‘should’ve’.

 


Correct grammar


For example:

 

“Hi Holly Stir, please can I return the clothes that were sent to me? They do not fit properly.”

 

This example sentence contains:

  • Capital letters for names and at the start of the sentences
  • A comma in the right place after the introduction
  • A question mark after a question has been asked
  • A full stop to show that the sentence has ended.

 


 

Some examples of situations where formal language would be most appropriate include:

  • A job interview/application
  • A student talking to a teacher
  • A business email/enquiry

 

FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Follow Our Socials

Social BG
Facebook

Follow our Facebook for community support

Social BG

Follow our Instagram & TikTok for revision help

Our Facebook page can put you in touch with other students of your course for revision and community support. Alternatively, you can find us on Instagram or TikTok where we're always sharing revision tips for all our courses.

Follow our socials for revision tips and community support

  • facebook
  • instagram
  • tiktok

Informal language


Informal language is the language used in less serious situations.

 

Some features of informal language include:

  • Improper sentences
  • Contractions
  • Use of slang

 

For example:

Yo Matt Allan what you saying. That party last night was lit!

 

In informal language, you have more freedom with what you say – you don’t have to conform to grammatical rules or use sophisticated language.

 


 

Some example of situations where informal language is most appropriate include:

  • Talking to friends and family
  • Emailing/messaging someone you know already
  • Writing a greetings card

 

FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Note:

When messaging someone you do not know or haven’t met before, it is always best to use formal language!

Question - How do I improve my chances of passing the level 2 English exam?

Answer – Pre-assessment. This useful tool identifies the key areas of the exam you will need to work on in order to pass your level 2 exam for the first time. 

CTA Icon

Bias


Bias is the term used when an author states their own opinion and disregards all other points of view.

 

Biased language could contain exaggerations and sarcasm to bolster the author’s viewpoint.

 

It is important to look out for bias as the text could give a distorted version of the truth.

 

Understanding the writer’s point of view and argument will help to work out what is biased.


 

An example of bias would be:

 

A company advertising and promoting their products

 

Of course it’ll be one-sided – they’re not going to criticise their own products!

 


 

For example:

 

Our hotel is the best in London – it has the comfiest beds and the best views of the city!

 

This is bias – the statement contains opinions (these can’t be proved!) and exaggerations in order to appeal to guests!

 

FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Additional Resources

PFS

Exam Tips Cheat Sheet

FS Level 2

Reading: Formality and Bias Worksheet and Example Questions

Site Logo

Reading: Formality and Bias L2

FS Level 2NewOfficial PFS

You May Also Like...

Functional Skills English Level 2 Practice Papers

This comprehensive set of 10 Functional Skills English Level 2 Practice Papers (5 reading papers + 5 writing) is a great way to revise for your upcoming reading and writing exams. These papers have been specifically tailored to match the structure, format and question types used by each of the main exam boards for functional skills English.

From: £29.99
View Product

Functional Skills English Level 2 Pocket Revision Guide

Revise and practice for your functional skills English level 2 exam. All topics covered in this compact revision guide.

View Product
Sale!

Functional Skills English Level 2 Revision Cards

Revise for functional skills English level 2, with these English level 2 fundamentals revision cards. Covering the building blocks of the essential areas of the level 2 exam.

£8.99
View Product

Related Topics

PFS

Writing: Grammar

FS Level 1FS Level 2Entry Level 3
PFS

Reading: Language Features

FS Level 2
PFS

Reading: Presentational Features

FS Level 1FS Level 2