Functional Skills: 3D Shapes

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQACity & GuildsEdexcelHighfield QualificationsNCFEOpen Awards

Functional Skills: 3D Shapes Revision

3D Shapes

2D shapes are flat objects. 3D shapes are solid objects. The surfaces of 3D shapes are called faces.

FS Level 1AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications
FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Would you pass functional skills maths level 2?

Why not test your knowledge now and see if you would pass. A score of around 60% means you would probably pass your functional skills maths level 2. 

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Dimensions

2D shapes have 2 dimensions – e.g. length and width.

3D shapes have 3 dimensions – e.g. length, width and height.

 

e.g. The container below is 12 m long, 5 m wide and 3 m high.

The dimensions of this container are 12 m by 5 m by 3 m, which can also be written as 12 m \times \, 5 m \times \, 3 m

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Recognising 3D Shapes

You need to be able to identify and learn the names of the following 3D shapes.

Note: A prism is a 3D shape in which 2 identical 2D shapes are joined together with rectangular faces. So, a cube and a cuboid are also prisms. A cylinder is similar to a prism, because its two end faces are identical – they are circles.

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FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Struggling with 3D Shapes?

Take our functional skills maths level 2 assessment and see how you would score in the real exam.

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Example: Working with Dimensions

Leonardo is designing a box to hold 5 DVD cases.

Each DVD case is 14 cm long, 1.4 cm wide and 19 cm high.

Sketch a box that could hold the DVD cases. Give the dimensions.

[2 marks]

Each DVD is 1.4 cm wide. It would make sense to put them side by side in a row, such as:

Each DVD case is 1.4 cm wide, therefore 5 DVD cases will be:

1.4 \times 5 = 7 cm wide

Therefore, the box needs to be at least 7 cm wide.

The DVD cases are 14 cm long and 19 cm high, so the box needs to be at least 14 cm long and 19 cm high.

 

Therefore, you could sketch a box (making sure to label the dimensions), such as:

FS Level 1FS Level 2AQAEdexcelCity & GuildsNCFEOpen AwardsHighfield Qualifications

Functional Skills: 3D Shapes Example Questions

The dimensions are 8 mm by 15 mm by 2 mm, or 8 mm \times \, 15 mm \times \, 2 mm

There are two identical faces joined by rectangular faces. Therefore the 3D object is a prism.

If the books are stacked on top of each other laid down, with 8 cm now being the height of the book laid down, then the minimum height of the box must be

6 \times 8 = 48 cm

Additional Resources

PFS

Exam Tips Cheat Sheet

FS Level 2
PFS

Formula Booklet

FS Level 2

Functional Skills: 3D Shapes Worksheet and Example Questions

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3D Shapes L1

FS Level 1NewOfficial PFS
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3D Shapes L2

FS Level 2NewOfficial PFS

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